Vol 2-2 Commentary

Commentary - Borderline personality disorder and sexual abuse: A systematic review

Lucas Fortaleza de Aquino Ferreira

Hospital de Saúde Mental Professor Frota Pinto, Fortaleza, Brazil

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Vol 2-2 Short Review Article

Conversational Smalltalk No Longer Considered Harmful

Gareth Nortje 1* , Absol Uteshit 2

*1 University of South Dakota, Nelspruit, South Africa

2 University of the Sciences, Phalaborwa, South Africa

Many statisticians would agree that, had it not been for hierarchical cognitive therapies in conversational dynamics, the emulation of cognitive reflection might never have occurred. After years of important research into virtual conversations, we verify the study of mood-state-dependent verbal influences, which embodies the theoretical principles of cognitive analytic psychotherapy. In order to answer this riddle, we confirm that even though randomized conversational smalltalk can be made perfect, embedded, and replicated, the effective on mood is no longer questionable1.

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Vol 2-2 Commentary

Commentary: Social Cognitive Functioning in Prodromal Psychosis: A Meta-Analysis

Won-Gyo Shin1, Tae Young Lee2*, Jun Soo Kwon1,2

1 Department of Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Seoul National University College of Natural Sciences, Seoul, Republic of Korea

*2 Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea

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Vol 2-2 Review and Commentary

Pharmacogenetics and Psychiatric Care: A Review and Commentary

Merlin G. Butler*

Departments of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences and Pediatrics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA

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Vol 2-2 Short Review Article

Cancer Healing, Groups and Gaslighting

Judith Edwards*

*Tavistock Clinic NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom

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Vol 2-2 Commentary

Commentary: "Beyond Pathologizing Harm: Understanding Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in the Context of War Experience."

Deborah R. Gordon1*, Patricia Benner1, Jodi Halpern2, Catherine Long Popell3, and Patricia W. Kelley4

1University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA

2University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

3Services for Brain Injury, San Jose, CA, USA

4Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Hermeneutic phenomenology provides an alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models, with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose-related effects. However, framing PTSD as an objective disease state separates it from the narrative historical details of the trauma. Personal stories and cultural meanings of the traumatic events are seen as epiphenomenal, unrelated to the understanding of, and ultimately, the therapeutic treatment of PTSD. Sixty-seven US service members injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars who were in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery, and 401 nurses who provided care for service members, were interviewed. Most wounded service members described classic symptoms of PTSD: flashbacks, insomnia, hyperarousal, etc. All experienced disturbance in their sense of place and time: distortions and ruptures between “here” and “there,” “then” and “now.” Effective nursing care required being attuned to where a patient is “at” phenomenologically. Rather than see the occurrence of these symptoms as decontextualized mechanistic reverberations of war, we consider how these symptoms meaningfully reflect actual war experiences and the sense of displacement experienced by service members.

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